Sailor Malan’s Ten Rules were … 'Sailor' Malan’s 10 Rules of Air Fighting Adolph G. Malan 24 March 1910 – 17 September 1963 The Battle of Britain fighter ace ‘Sailor’ Malan developed a set of simple rules for fighter pilots, honed during the Battle, which he then had distributed throughout RAF Fighter Command. Sadly, Sailor Malan succumbed on 17th September, 1963, from the rare Parkinson's Disease about which little was known. The Battle of Britain fighter ace ‘Sailor’ Malan developed a set of simple rules for fighter pilots, honed during the Battle, which he then had distributed throughout RAF Fighter Command.. Malan flew Spifires, shooting down two Heinkel 111's in bright moonlight on the evening of 19th 20th June 1940, an impressive feat at the time. 74 Squadron was sent out to intercept a German raid near Dover, followed by another three raids, lasting all day. Sailor Malan's famous 10 Commandments of engagement . Malan’s 10 Rules of Air Fighting. Sailor Malan wasn’t necessary the best shot and some other pilots had higher scores. Adolph Malan known as 'Sailor Malan' was a South African RAF pilot in World War 2. Sailor died in 1963 from Parkinson’s Disease. Wait until you see the whites of his eyes. He also created his own '10 rules of air fighting' which proved so popular they appeared on nearly every mess wall during the Battle of Britain. One such innovator was ace pilot Adolph Gysbert 'Sailor' Malan who changed the formation fighter pilots used when attacking the Luftwaffe. TEN OF MY RULES FOR AIR FIGHTING 1. TEN OF MY RULES FOR AIR FIGHTING. Sailor Malan (Adolph Gysbert Malan) was born on the 3rd of October 1910 in Wellington, South Africa. 1. Wait until you see the whites of his eyes. Wait until you see the whites of his eyes. The Battle of Britain fighter ace ‘Sailor’ Malan developed a set of simple rules for fighter pilots, honed during the Battle, which he then had distributed throughout RAF Fighter Command. By the age of 14 he was a sea cadet on the training ship General Botha hence the name Sailor. The Ten Rules. Most of the rules apply even today, more than 75 years after they were written. After a lecture tour in America, Malan commanded the Central Gunnery School – where he was able to pass on his immense combat experience to fledgling fighter pilots and impress upon them his golden ’10 Rules of Air Fighting’. Sailor Malan developed 10 rules for fighter combat – rules that are still taught today: Wait until you see the whites of his eyes. Like the Dicta Boelcke from the early days of World War I, Sailor Malan’s rules are at the very foundation of a fighter pilot’s training. 1. Then, on New Year’s Day 1943, Group Captain Malan was appointed Station Commander of his old base – Biggin Hill. Malan himself brought down two Messerschmitt Bf 109E fighters. Prior to entering the Royal Air Force he had served aboard ships, hence the nickname. 11 August 1940 became known as ‘Sailor's August the Eleventh’. TEN OF MY RULES FOR AIR FIGHTING. No. ‘Sailor’ Malan’s 10 Rules of Air Fighting Adolph G. Malan 24 March 1910 – 17 September 1963. What made him stand out was his understanding and application of fighter tactics, then using his leadership ability to throw out the old rule book (Fighting Area Attacks) and formally incorporate the hard won lessons of the Battle of Britain in to RAF fighter tactics. Much has been written on Sailor Malan as a Fighter Ace, his rules for combat and his command of 74 Squadron during the Battle of Britain which played such a pivot role in winning the Battle (see ‘Ten of my rules for air fighting’ – Sailor Malan) . Fire short bursts of one to two seconds only when your sights are definitely "ON" By the end of it, Malan’s Squadron had claimed to have shot down 38 aircraft. 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